Distribution of national power in Central Asia

The Central Asia region is made up of several states that not only share a common past in the extinct USSR, but still participate jointly in various political and economic projects. Next, the World Power Index reveals the distribution of power in this subregion.

Russia is the leading state. However, due to its great geographical extension, Russia is a country with multiregional belonging, that is, a very relevant actor in East Asia, Central Asia, East Asia, Eastern Europe, even Central Europe. As regards the Central Asia subregion, Russia is a regional power leading organizations such as the Commonwealth of Independent States (CEI), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU).

However, despite its power and remarkable geostructural positioning, Russia is a State that remains in the semiperiphery (https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0020881719880769); all other Central Asian countries are part of the periphery.

In this area of the system is, first of all, Kazakhstan, a country with important material capacities that project it as a subregional power (https://doi.org/10.5209/rev_GEOP.2016.v7.n1.50877).

Second is Azerbaijan, a middle peripheral state, which experienced a significant increase in its national power at the turn of the century, but slowed down around 2014.

In third place are Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, in that order, all of them as minor peripheral states (https://doi.org/10.1080/09557571.2020.1854178).

As can be seen, with the exception of Russia, the Central Asian countries today share similar positions in the international geostructure in the periphery. How will they manage the growing interstate conflicts posed by the hegemonic interregnum?


DISCLAIMER: The geographic boundaries expressed on the map do not necessarily represent the views or positions of its author and of the WPI. Ver menos